American Law Institute elects four board members



American Law Institute elects four board members

PHILADELPHIA — At this week’s 2022 annual meeting, members of the American Law Institute elected four new members to its board, which determines projects and activities to be undertaken by the ALI and approves work as representing the position of the Institute.

New Council members are Thomas A. Balmer of the Oregon Supreme Court, Richard RW Brook of New York University Law School, Michael J. Garcia of the New York Court of Appeals, and Cristina Mr. Rodríguez from Yale Law School.

Below are short biographies of the new ALI Board members. Full biographies are available here.

Thomas A. Balmer was appointed to the Oregon Supreme Court in 2001 and has been elected and re-elected four times. He served as Chief Justice from 2012 to 2018. Prior to his appointment, he was a partner at a Portland law firm, where his practice focused on commercial and regulatory litigation and appeals. From 1993 to 1997, he served as an assistant attorney general for Oregon, advising elected officials and agency heads on administrative and constitutional matters. Balmer has tried cases and advised and argued appeals in Oregon and federal courts, including the United States Supreme Court.

During his tenure as Chief Justice, Balmer served on the Board of Directors of the Conference of Chief Justices and served as Chairman of the Civil Justice Improvement Committee. This committee oversaw an extensive, multi-year project that studied and made recommendations to reduce costs and delays in civil litigation…Call to Action: Achieve Civil Justice for All (2016). The report, and subsequent implementation tools developed by the National Center for State Courts, served as a roadmap for improving state courts across the country.

Richard RW Brooks is the Emilie M. Bullowa Professor of Law at New York University. He joined NYU Law School in 2018, having served as the Leighton Homer Surbeck Professor of Law at Yale Law School, followed by the Charles Keller Beekman Professor of Law at Columbia Law School. Brooks’ scholarly approach combines economics, game theory, and methods of legal analysis from areas of private law—such as contract, property, trust, and corporate law—to study social organization wider.

Brooks has published numerous books and articles that analyze behavior through the lens of economics, custom, and law. Her most recent book, Saving the Neighborhood: Racially Restrictive Covenants, Law, and Social Norms, (co-authored with Carol Rose) examines the history and lasting legacy of racially restrictive property agreements (or racial covenants), which the Supreme Court ruled unenforceable in 1948. .

Michael J. Garcia was appointed to the New York Court of Appeals in 2016. He began his legal career as an associate at Cahill Gordon & Reindel LLP in 1989. From 1990 to 1992, he served as legal assistant to the Hon. Judith S. Kaye, then Associate Justice of the New York Court of Appeals. From 1992 to 2001, Garcia served as Assistant United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York. For his work in a number of high-profile terrorism investigations and trials, he received two Attorney General’s Distinguished Service Awards and the Attorney General’s Distinguished Service Award.

In 2001, he became Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Export Enforcement in the Bureau of Industry and Security, and in December 2002, he became Acting Commissioner of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS ) to the United States Department of Justice. In this role, he led the agency’s transition to the United States Department of Homeland Security. From March 2003 to August 2005, Garcia served as Assistant Secretary for Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) in the Department of Homeland Security. Garcia served as the United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York from 2005 to 2008, when he joined Kirkland & Ellis LLP.

Cristina M. Rodriguez is the Leighton Homer Surbeck Professor of Law at Yale Law School. His areas of research and teaching include constitutional law and theory, immigration law and policy, and administrative law and procedure. In 2021, she was nominated by President Biden to co-chair the United States Supreme Court Commission.

Rodríguez joined Yale Law School in 2013 after serving two years as an assistant deputy attorney general in the Office of Legal Counsel at the U.S. Department of Justice. She was on the New York University School of Law faculty from 2004 to 2012 and has served as a visiting professor of law at Stanford, Harvard, and Columbia law schools. After law school, Rodríguez clerked for Justice David S. Tatel of the United States Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit and Justice Sandra Day O’Connor of the United States Supreme Court.

In addition, at the annual meetingKim J. Askew of DLA Piper US LLP, Kenneth C. Frazier of Merck & Co., Inc, Paul L. Friedman of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, William C. Hubbard of the University of South Carolina, Jane Stapleton of Christ’s College, University of Cambridge, Larry S. Stewart of Stewart Tilghman Fox Bianchi & Cain, PA (retired), Diane P. Wood of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit a earned emeritus status. Emeritus Board members often continue to attend Board meetings.

About the American Law Institute

The American Law Institute is the leading independent organization in the United States producing scholarly work to clarify, modernize, and improve the law. ALI drafts, discusses, revises, and publishes restatements of law, model codes, and principles of law that are hugely influential in courts and legislatures, as well as in legal research and education.

By participating in the work of the Institute, its distinguished members have the opportunity to influence the evolution of the law in existing and emerging fields, to work with other eminent lawyers, judges and scholars, to give back to a profession to which they are deeply committed, dedicated and contribute to the public good.

For more information about the American Law Institute, visit


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